Is one of the most beautiful, healthy, small and red Albanian fruit. This popular fruit in our country is used to prepare jam and syrup as it is used to make the alcoholic beverage like rakia. But there is also a unique recipe used mainly the north Albania, cornelian cherry vinegar.

The tradition of preparing homemade vinegars leaving ripe fruits of Cornelian cherry trees (Cornus mas) to ferment in water for at least 30–40 days, is still remarkably alive in North Albania. The locals attribute strong health properties to this product. A small glass of homemade vinegar, with the addition of sugar, is often drunk in fact as a preventive “healthy” beverage.

However, the pervasive trend of using industrial vinegars, largely available on commercial markets, seriously endanger the transmission of the culinary knowledge concerning the homemade production of this traditional vinegar.

The Cornelian cherry vinegar is used as an everyday beverage. It is also used as cooking ingredient and for salad dressings. In addition, local citizens drink Cornelian cherry vinegar for stomachache. In the morning, it is drunk with honey or sherbet (water with sugar).

Health benefits of cornelian cherry

Many health advantages may be derived from cornelian cherry fruits. This fruit is not just limited to its edible goodness, cornelian cherry is a house of medical properties and nutrients.

This fruit is an astringent causing the contraction of body muscles or tissues in case of excessive bleeding, it is also a febrifuge that helps in reducing the impact of fever and brings down the body temperature to normalcy. The bark and fruit are also nutritive and helps in restoring the lost nutrients of the body.

The astringent property of the fruit acts as a good treatment for bowel complaints and fevers, at the same time as it is also used in the treatment of cholera. The flowers of cornelian cherry are used in the treatment of diarrhea.

Various diseases and health conditions such as aching lower back and knees, vertigo, tinnitus, frequent urination, liver-deficiency chills, persistent sweating due to deficiency, palpitations, scattered pulse, neurasthenia, menstrual disorders, and more can be taken care of by the properties of the cornelian cherry plant.

The fruits of these trees are used for the treatments of fever and various bowel complaints. The astringent properties of the fruits make them useful against cardiovascular diseases.

Meanwhile, it is quite easy to grow these hardy plants from seeds as they require very low maintenance. These deciduous trees live for a long time having an attractive appearance. They are also known to attract pollinating insects like bees and butterflies./